RUGENDAS, Maurice. HABITANTE DE GOYAS. Quadro a óleo pintado sobre madeira.



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[In] L’ART: Revue Hebdomadaire Illustrée, Troisième Année. Tome II. Tome IX de la Collection [3º año, volume II] A. Ballue Éditeur, Paris. 1877.

In fólio (de 42x30 cm) com 324 pags.

Encadernação do éditor.

Ilustrado no texto e com 24 gravuras originais em extratexto, entre as quais, as 4 gravuras inéditas de Francisco Goya.

Trata-se do volume da Revista Art, de 1877, perfeitamente conservada, na qual foram publicada, pela primeira vez, as 4 gravuras adicionais dos Provérbios de Francisco Goya y Luciendes. Gravuras aguaforte, aguatinta e a buril e colocadas em extratexto, juntamente com uma gravura autoretrato de Francisco Goya colocada em anterrosto e aberta por Milius. Estas quatro gravuras deveriam ter sido publicadas com a obra:

GOYA Y LUCIENDES. (Francisco) LOS PROVERBIOS. [DISPARATES] Coleccion de diez y ocho láminas inventadas e grabadas al agua fuerte POR DON FRANCISCO GOYA. Publícala la R! Academia de Nobles Artes de San Fernando. MADRID 1864. Lit. de J. Aragon, Urosas 10.

In fólio oblongo de 31,5x42,5 cm. Com (i)-[frontispício litografado) + 18 gravuras.

Palau 1990, III 388. Vindel, 34. Harris III, 248 - 265.

Neste volume da revista L"Art encontra-se as quatro gravuras de Goya nas seguintes páginas:

- Lluvia de Toros - pag. 6

- Otras Leyes por el Pueblo - pag. 40

- Que Guerrero! - pag. 56

- Una Reina del Circo - pag. 82

As outras gravuras presentes neste volume são na maioria obras de grandes mestres: Beaucourt, Henriette Browne, Antonio Gai, Theophile Chauvel, J. J. Henner, Gonzalez, Ulisse Butin, J. P. Laurens, Eugene Abot, Andrea di Sarto, Leonardo da Vinci (fotogravura), Alphonse Legros, Ad. Lalause, J. L. Charbonnel, e outros.

«Los Provérbios» ou «Los Disparates», literally the Sayings or Nonsenses, is collection of 22 engravings (probability incomplete since ever) made in aquatint and etching. They are the last graphic work of Goya, and can be dated between 1815 and 1823 when the painter left Spain. Among all the prints made by Goya this series is the most difficult to interpret. In it there are the dream visions; the presence of violence and sex; the ridicule of the institutions related to the «Ancien Regime»; and a general criticism of the establishment. But beyond these connotations the prints offer an imaginative and rich world related to the night, to the Carnival and the grotesque, which they are a puzzle, so each print by itself, and as a whole, and as a graphic sequence. The series of Provérbios/Disparates remained unpublished until 1864, the year the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando published 18 prints, which in 1877 would increase to 22 after the appearance of 4 plates in the magazine L"Art, coming from the matrixes held by Eugenio Lucas.

Palau 1990, III 388. Vindel, 34. Harris III, 248 - 265.

Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes (1746-1828) is the most important Spanish painter and engraver. Goya was born in Aragon, Spain in 1746 and as was customary at the time began to make copies of paintings from various masters. At the end of 1771 entered the Academy of Fine Arts of Parma, receiving an honorable mention and his first order. Thereafter followed by orders for the Sobradiel Palace and the Monastery Aula Dei. Between the years 1773 and 1774 executed, probably, the last paintings of this period when he was living in Zaragoza. Once established in Madrid began painting portraits. The earliest that we know is dated 1774, having painted 14 portraits in the year 1778. In the year 1780, entered the Academy of San Fernando and presented the work "La Crucified". In this painting Goya followed the academic rules, proving that he was a master in the conventional style. In 1785, after the death of King Carlos III and the coronation of King Charles IV, he was appointed "First Painter of the King"s Chamber", becoming the official painter of the monarch and the court. In 1790 he painted one of his self-portraits. The Napoleonic wars, and the horrors suffered by the Spaniards, left a bitter Goya, transforming his art in an attack against the insane behavior of human beings, going to portray the meaninglessness of human suffering, once unfair as undeserved. Many of his prints with reference to the moral, and the strange and bizarre of the human soul, found great acceptance. For the first time the war was described as futile and vain, and for the first time there were no heroes, only killers and killed. In 1821 the Inquisition opened a case against Goya considering its obscene "Majas", but the painter was able to get rid of the case and was reestablished as the "First Painter of the Royal Court". In 1824, Goya went into exile in Bordeaux, France, and died four years later in that city. Goya is considered as «Unquiet» and sometimes considered as the Shakespeare of the brush. Their artistic productions include a wide variety of representative portraits, landscapes, mythological scenes, tragedy, comedy, satire, farce, men, gods and demons, wizards, and rather obscene approaches.

Referência: 1709JC005
Local: M-12-E

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