RUGENDAS, Maurice. HABITANTE DE GOYAS. Quadro a óleo pintado sobre madeira.



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Gloucester Regiment Memorabilia. 1899-1900. Album with original photographs of the Second Boer War, showing the main Boer military commanders, battlefields, artillery, British Army in parade, and everyday life of British prisoners of war in a camp near Pretoria; supplemented with group portraits of the British officers and residents in India.

Oblong folio (23x30 cm) with 35 gelatin silver photographs, including 26 larger ones (15x20 cm) and 9 smaller ones (12x18 cm) mounted on 20 stiff card leaves.

Photos identified: either signed, dated and captioned in negative, or with typewritten captions mounted underneath.

Binding: restored recently in red half morocco using the original cloth boards, leaves with all edges gilt, and with gilt tooled spine and moiré endpapers. Some images slightly faded, but overall an excellent album.

Important collection of original photographs of the Second Boer War (October 11th, 1899 - May 31st, 1902).

The album was evidently compiled by an officer of the First Battalion of the British Army Gloucester Regiment, which saw active service during the war, in particular during the Battle of Ladysmith (October 30, 1899) and the consequent Siege of Ladysmith (October 3, 1899 - February 28, 1900). The photo collection starts with a collective portrait of the officers of the Gloucester Regiment's 1st battalion taken in Ladysmith shortly before the war (September 29th, 1899). At the end of the album 7 photos related to the regiment's early service in India, and include both official and family portraits. In the core of the album it contains a number or portraits of distinguished Boer leaders and military commanders, including Petrus Jacobus Joubert (1834-1900), Lucas Meyer, Louis Botha (1862-1919), Daniel Jacobus Erasmus (1830 - 1913), General Snyman, and Pieter Arnoldus Cronjé (1836-1911).

There are 5 important photographs showing 155 mm cannons [Creusot Long Tom field guns] which were used by Boers during several war operations - in this case during the Sieges of Ladysmith and Mafeking. Amongst them one take of a Long Tom being unloaded at a railway station and transported to Ladysmith, another cannon in action, being used by the people of Pieter Arnoldus Cronjé at Mafeking, and others showing the moving of cannons across the river pulled by Boer oxen. Another impressive photo shows Boers at Mafeking posing next to a Maxim-Nordenfelt Gun. There is also a group of sharp collective portraits of different Boer commandos, including that of a 'Hollander Corps O.V.S.' under command of Russian General Yevgeny Maximov (1849-1904); and the trenches of Boksburg Command at the Battle of Colenso (December, 15 1899).

Several photographs of the war areas include a general view of Elandslaagte (after the famous Battle of October, 21 1899), Nicholson's Kop (one of the grounds of the Battle of Ladysmith), Pretoria Commando Camp at Laingsnek; images of bridges and railways destroyed with dynamite (across Wasbank River and Tugela River) et al. Later photographs show 'Raising of British flag in Pretoria' (June, 5th 1900), and a monument to the Gloucester Regiment men fallen at the fight near Rietfontein and the Siege of Ladysmith.

There is also a group of good images showing everyday life of British POW in Waterval war camp near Pretoria. Amongst the final photos there are 5 large and 2 small group portraits taken in India in 1897-1898 from the Gloucester Regiment and relatives.

Many photos in the album were taken by important local photo studios, both Boer (J. Van Hoepen, Stoel & Groote) and British (Spratt Photo, Barnett & Co).

Referência: 1504JC010
Local: M-10-B-8

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