RUGENDAS, Maurice. HABITANTE DE GOYAS. Quadro a óleo pintado sobre madeira.

 
 

 
   

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ROTH, Johan Michael. WURZBURGISCHE SAMMLUNG

derer wegen des höchstbetrübten Untergangs der Stadt Lissabon, vornemlich aber des in denen Königreichen Portugal und Spanien, [etc] dieses Werk is alsso gebunden zu bekommerz beii Johan Michael Roth beställten Stadt Musico in Wurzburg.

[Augsburg, Johann Michael Roth, ca. 1756]

In folio (de 49x38 cm) com 18 fólios (entre as quais 9 desdobráveis).

Brochado preservando capas editoriais decorativas estampadas (com motivos a negro e a dourado) da época.

Acondicionado dentro de caixa-encadernação recente inteira de pele de carneira com nervos, rótulo, e fecho de metal ao estilo da época.

Em 1960, Isabel Maria Barreira de Campos, na sua tese de Licenciatura em Filologia Germanica, intitulada «O Grande Terramoto como Tema Romântico - Subsidios para o Terramoto de 1755 em língua alemã da época», apresenta 3 reproduções desta obra referindo 'estampas raras da autoria de Johañ Gottfried Beck, da Colectânea de Gravuras inspiradas pelo Terramoto de 1755, da chamada Escola de Augsburg'. Nota: a autora desta tese publicada não fundamenta esta afirmação com dados bibliográficos.

Obra iconográfica sobre o grande terramoto de Lisboa de 1755 e também sobre a cidade de Augsburgo, com mais de 100 mapas, gravuras, planos e panoramas, com capas de brochura revestidas com papel original da época brocado/lavrado em dourado com origem nos fabricantes alemães de Augsburgo.

Ilustrado com folha de rosto apresentando uma portada arquitectónica com o brasão real de Portugal. A obra consiste num “relatório ou reportagem” do terremoto de 1 de Novembro de 1755, contendo nomeadamente:

1 - Capa de brochura com super-libris com data 1755-1756

2 - Folha de rosto aberta em chapa de metal com figuras alegóricas e com uma portada apresentando um arco destruído.

3 - Gravura desdobrável com vista de Lisboa e do Tejo

4 - gravura / mapa não colorido LISABONA MAGNIFICENTISSIMA REGIA SEDES et florentissimum Emporium ad ostia Tagi situm, aeri incisum per Matth. Seutter

5 - Mapa de Portugal e das Capitanias do Brasil (não colorido) de George Seuter, impresso em Augsburg, circa 1735: Portugalliae et Algarbiae Regna cum confinibus Hispaniae Provinc. simiul vero peculiari Mapa Brasiliae Regnum in America Meridionali cujus ora marítima Regem Portugalliae Dominum veneratur et Primogenito Regio Infanti prope dicata floret recentíssima delineatione publici júris facta Cura et Studio Matthaei Seutteri, S. Caes. M. Geogr. Aug.

6 - Mapa da Peninsula Ibérica de Matias Seuter, não colorido e com legenda: Regnorum Hispaniae et Portugaliae, etc.

7 - Gravura de Lisboa durante o Terramoto com legenda Gravura de Marrocos depois do Terramoto Gravura de Lisboa depois do Terramoto

8 - Duas páginas com 2 gravuras duplas que mostram o mesmo panorama de Lisboa (uma antes e outra depois do Terramoto). Vários planos de várias fortalezas: Lisboa, São Julião, Setúbal, Coimbra, Belém, Braga, Elvas, Cascais, Vila Nova, Sevilha, Cadiz, Gibraltar, Vistas de várias cidades europeias: Aachen, Basel, Bonn, Strasbourg, Genf, Hanover, Marburg, Dusseldorf, Koln, Erfurt, Frankfurt, Hamburgo, Etc.

9 - Mapa da Africa Panorama de Lisboa baseado em Ortelius (originally edited in 1570 World Atlas (Theatrum Orbis Terrarum). Mapa da Península Ibérica vista dos barcos no Tejo antes do Terramoto

10 - Mapa da Europa, Mapa da Península, Mapa de Setúbal Vista panorâmica de Sevilha

11 - Vista de Cadiz e do Oceano. Vista de Lisboa e do Forte de Almada antes do Terramoto. Mapa da Baía de Cadiz. Vista de Lisboa durante o Terramoto: as frotas a serem engolidas pelo tsunami, o Palácio da Ribeira a colapsar e o forte de Almada a ruir.

12 - Vista com as ruinas de Lisboa e as populações acampadas depois do terramoto, título: «Das … Lissabon». Vista das ruínas e das populações em Lisboa e em Fez (Marrocos) após o Terramoto. Vista de Marrocos durante o Terramoto. 6 vistas de Lisboa durante o Terramoto.

13 - Lisabona: gravura de Lisboa durante o Terramoto, sem legenda. Lisabona: vista dos navios no rio Tejo antes do Terramoto. Prospect der Stadt Lisabona: vista de Lisboa destruída após o Terramoto, com os feridos, os mortos, e os executados por saques. Lisabon / Lisboa: vista antes do Terramoto, com uma extensa legenda.

14 .- Lisabon: gravura com o panorama no momento do Terramoto com o Rei e os nobres a verem o maremoto ou tsunami. Lisabona: vista antes do Terramoto e com uma legenda dos lugares mais importantes da cidade. Gravura com 3 momentos do Terramoto em Lisboa. Vista de Cadiz

15 - Vista do Palácio Real da Ribeira e o Terreiro do Paço antes do Terramoto. Vista de Sevilha: a Catedral e a Torre da Giralda. Vista de Sevilha: a Torre del Oro. Vista de Sevilha: outra perspectiva da Catedral e a Torre da Giralda.

O conjunto das obras anteriores encontra-se acondicionado numa caixa-encadernação de pele, finamente acabada com a forma de um livro.

Peça bibliográfica extremamente rara que representa a melhor produção gráfica e tipográfica de Augsburg, Alemanha, em meados do século dezoito. Encontram-se aqui reunidos mapas, planos, perspectivas, panoramas dos principais editores locais da época (incluindo Johann Friedrich Probst, Matthäus Seutter, Georg Christoph Kilian, Johann Michael Roth e outros). Roth publica-a como uma colecção homogénea. A colecção vai além de um mero registo do terremoto e tsunami, proporcionando, no entanto, uma excelente visão geral da topografia portuguesa e espanhola em geral, com muitas vistas da cidade e planos de fortificação.

Estima-se que o terremoto de Lisboa tenha sido de uma magnitude entre 8,5 e 9 na escala de Richter, com epicentro no Oceano Atlântico, a cerca de 300 km a sudoeste de Lisboa. A maioria dos prédios da cidade foi destruída e dezenas de milhares de pessoas morreram ali e nas regiões vizinhas. O tsunami resultante pode ter morto mais pessoas do que os danos diretos do próprio terremoto. Na segunda parte da obra encontra-se o magnífico mapa de Augsburgo, desenhado por Johann Thomas Kraus (1697-1775) e publicado pela Matthäus Seutter (1678-1756). A página de rosto informa que o editor podia fornecer cópias com colecções de gravuras já brochadas ou encadernadas ('gebunden zu bekommen') e o presente foi fornecido pelo editor numa brochura revestida com o famoso papel brocado a ouro com origem na própria cidade de Augsburgo, a qual tinha elevado esta produção papeleira a um estatuto de arte. Este é um belo exemplar e também a única cópia completa localizada (todas as outras encontram-se incompletas ou danificadas), oriunda da excelente produção tipográfica de Augsburgo, sendo esta relativa ao grande terramoto de Lisboa e à cidade de Augsburgo.

 The great Lisbon earthquake of 1755 and the city of Augsburg: a splendid publication with over 100 engraved maps, plans and views, in an Augsburg gold-brocade paper wrapper.

Illustrated with engraved title-page, the title in the arched doorway of an architectural ruin with a female figure in mourning on the steps with the Portuguese coat of arms; an engraved report on the earthquake and resulting tsunami on 1 November 1755, and on the first part 60 engraved views, maps and plans printed from 25 copperplates on 13 leaves (4 large folding, including 1 constructed from 2 sheets, the rest on both sides of 9 leaves, except the last, which is blank on the reverse). Including:

1 - Small engraved plate in super-libris with printed date 1755-1756.

2 - Title page (from a metal plate) with allegorical figures and a portal featuring a destroyed arch.

3 - Folding engraving with a view of Lisbon and the River Tagus.

4 - Panorama (overview as a map) not colored, title «Lisabona Magnificentissima Regia Sedes Portugalliae et florentissimum Emporium ad ostia Tagi Å itum, aeri incisum per Matth. Seutter»

5 - Map of Portugal, Brazil and the captaincies (not colored) by George SEUTER printed in Augsburg, circa 1735, title: «Portugalliae et Algarbiae Regna cum confinibus Hispaniae Provinc. simiul vero peculiari Mapa Brasiliae Regnum in America Meridionali cujus ora marítima Regem Portugalliae Dominum veneratur et Primogenito Regio Infanti prope dicata floret recentíssima delineatione publici júris facta Cura et Studio Matthaei Seutteri, S. shirt. M. Geogr. Aug».

6 - Map of the Iberian Peninsula by Matthias Seuter, not colored, and legend: «Regnorum Hispaniae et Portugaliae, etc.»

7 - Engraving of Lisbon during the earthquake with subtitles + engraving of Morocco after Earthquake + Engraving of Lisbon after the Earthquake.

8 - Two pages with 2 double engravings showing the same panorama of Lisbon (one before, and one after the earthquake) + Various plans of several fortresses: Lisbon, São Julião (Lisbon), Setúbal, Coimbra, Belem (Lisbon), Braga, Elvas, Cascais, Vila Nova, Seville, Cadiz, Gibraltar + Views of several European cities: Aachen, Basel, Bonn, Strasbourg, Genf, Hanover, Marburg, Dusseldorf, Koln, Erfurt, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Etc.

9 - Map of Africa + Panorama of Lisbon which is based in Ortelius (originally edited in 1570 as a World Atlas (Theatrum Orbis Terrarum) + Map of the Iberian Peninsula + View of the boats in the Tagus River before the Earthquake.

10 - European Map + Iberian Peninsula map + Map of Setúbal + Panoramic view of Seville 11 - View of Cadiz and the Ocean. + View of Lisbon and Almada Fort before the Earthquake. + Map of Cadiz Bay + View of Lisbon during the earthquake: the fleets to be swallowed by the tsunami, the Ribeira Palace to collapse and the strong Almada to crumble.

12 - Panorama through the ruins of Lisbon and camped populations after the earthquake, title: "Das ... Lissabon". + View of the ruins and the population in Lisbon and Fez (Morocco) after the Earthquake. + Morocco view during the Earthquake. + 6 views of Lisbon during the Earthquake.

13 - Lisabona: Engraving of Lisbon during the earthquake, without subtitles. + Lisabona: view of ships on the River Tagus before the Earthquake. + Prospect der Stadt Lisabona: views of Lisbon destroyed after the earthquake, the wounded, the dead, and death penalties by looting. + Lisabon / Lisboa: view before the earthquake, with an extensive legend.

14 -Lisabon: engraving with the outlook of the earthquake showing the King and the noblemen watching the tidal wave or tsunami. + Lisabona: view before the earthquake and a legend of the most important places in town. + Engraving with 3 different moments of the earthquake in Lisbon. + Panorama of the city of Cadiz (Spain).

15 - View of the Royal Palace of Ribeira and the Palace Square, in Lisbon, before the Earthquake. + Seville: view of the Cathedral and the Giraldo Tower. + Seville View: Torre del Oro. + Seville: another view of the Cathedral and the Giraldo Tower.

Softcover in gold on black gold brocade paper wrapper, probably from the publisher, sewn without supports at 3 stations, each wrapper made from a whole sheet of the decorated paper, with a statue as center piece in a domed gazebo, the dome carried by 4 visible (probably 6) caryatids. The sheet is further filled with scrollwork decoration with oval portraits in the upper corners, winged angels in the lower corners, 4 more angels plus 2 faces in the scrollwork.

Pasted in the center of the front wrapper is an engraving of the Augsburg pine cone flanked by Neptune with his trident and a river God with an oar, above a city view with cornucopias (10 x 6.5 cm), with a manuscript label below: ‘1755 et 1756.’

The whole set is kept in a finely produced modern tanned sheepskin box with the form of a book, the spine with 7 raised bands and a red morocco label, a single brass fastening, and the interior and what would be the edges of the paper lined with marbled paper combining Stormont, zebra and Spanish patterns.

An extremely rare and stunning display of the vibrant graphic and topographic trade in mid-18th-century Augsburg, the main part devoted primarily to the earthquake and tsunami that stroke Lisbon and many other cities in Portugal, southwest Spain and northwest Africa on November 1st, 1755. It brings together maps, plans, prospects, bird"s-eye views and other views originating from most of the leading Augsburg print publishers of the day, including Johann Friedrich Probst, Matthäus Seutter, Georg Christoph Kilian, Johann Michaël Roth and others, Roth (d. 1766) bringing the material together and publishing it as a collection.

The earthquake of Lisbon is estimated to have had a magnitude between 8.5 and 9 on the Richter scale, with epicenter in the Atlantic Ocean, about 300 km southwest of Lisbon. Most of the city"s buildings were destroyed and tens of thousands of people died there and in the surrounding regions. The resulting tsunami may have killed more than the direct damage from the earthquake itself.

The present collection brings the destruction into sharp graphic focus, with many views, often including before and after pictures, of Lisbon, Meknes (Mequines) and Fez in Morocco. Several views show looters or others, who tried to exploit the chaos, hanging at the gallows.

However, the collection goes beyond a mere record of the earthquake and the tsunami, providing an excellent overview of Portuguese and Spanish topography in general, with many city views, plans and fortification plans. Several were taken from existing series and therefore have the number from the series on the plate, but those showing the earthquake were of course quite new.

Roth"s Wahrhaffte Abbildung provides 14 views and plans on one sheet and his Fortgesetzte Abbildung goes beyond Spain and Portugal by adding 15 views and plans of cities mostly in Germany and Switzerland. The map of Portugal includes an inset map showing the Brazilian colonies. Several of the maps and city views include coats of arms, the large map of Spain including 17 maps, covering not only the royal arms and separate arms of Portugal, but also those of the provinces. As in the Basel copy and probably all copies, Johann Christian Leopold"s view of Lisbon is printed on a separate slip and pasted over the blank lower half of the page.

Although the Augsburg map and series of Augsburg architectural views have been earlier published in separate, they clearly form an integral second part of the publication, because the engraved title-page explicitly refers to them, but we have not located another copy that includes them. This second part begins with the magnificent large map of Augsburg, drawn by Johann Thomas Kraus (1697-1775) and published by Matthäus Seutter (1678-1756), perhaps ca. 1750. It is followed by 4 sheets, here uncut, but clearly intended to be divided into 12 pieces each to make a book of 48 numbered prints, beginning with an engraved title-page in a lovely decorated cartouche with 4 classical gods and a female figure representing Augsburg.

The title-page notes that the publisher can supply bound copies if required (‘gebunden zu bekommen’). But it also seems likely that the present copy was supplied by the publisher in its wrapper, made of the so-called gold brocade paper. Augsburg raised the production of this type of decorated paper to an art in the mid-18th-century, and the present example is a fine specimen (two whole sheets, for the front and back wrapper, printed from the same block). This pattern, unsigned, is not recorded in Haemmerle or Heijbroek & Greven.

We have located only two other copies. The one at Basel University Library has exactly the same make-up and order as ours but lacks the large map of Augsburg and the folding sheets with Augsburg architectural views. The copy at the Biblioteca Nacional in Lisbon lacks even more sheets, apparently containing only 7 or 8 sheets in total.

In very good condition, with only the spine of the wrapper somewhat tattered. A beautiful copy, and the only complete copy located, of a splendid display of Augsburg prints relating to the great Lisbon earthquake and the city of Augsburg.

Referência: 1312CS034
Local: M-11-D


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